Receding gums occur when gum tissue wears away and parts of the tooth that were previously hidden underneath, are now exposed. Tooth surface that isn’t covered by enamel can be extraordinarily sensitive to temperatures and certain foods such as sweets. Brushing the area with a toothbrush can cause jolts of pain, which in turn can cause a person to subconsciously avoid brushing that area. When that happens, it becomes incredibly easy for bacteria and calculus (tartar) to form, further damaging the tooth.
Pockets form around teeth as gums recede more and more. These pockets collect debris and bacteria, which in turn cause the pockets to widen and deepen. At this stage, more bone supporting the tooth is lost. If this condition is left untreated long enough without general dental treatment, the tooth becomes unstable. Gum tissue alone is not strong enough to hold a tooth steady during speech and chewing food.
Relief for Bleeding or Swollen Gums
There are many treatments for receding gums. Depending on the severity of the case, deep cleaning the affected area is usually recommended. During the deep cleaning (tooth scaling or root planning) tartar that has built up on the teeth and root surfaces below the gum line is removed. Antibiotics are often prescribed to get rid of any lingering bacteria. This helps to halt gum recession and bone loss.
Composite filling may be applied to exposed dentin to diminish tooth sensitivity and protect the health of the tooth from plaque and aggressive tooth brushing. Gum surgery may be required to repair damage caused by gum recession if the bone loss is severe and the teeth are mobile. Healthy hygiene habits such as using a soft toothbrush, proper brushing as advised by a hygienist, flossing, and abstaining from things such as tobacco products are important.
Reach out to Manhattan Dental Design today for more great treatments for bleeding or sensitive gums!